Design, test and build of a monopropellant thruster using 85% hydrogen peroxide

Document Type : Original Article


1 Space Technology Centre, Cairo, Egypt.

2 Faculty of Engineering, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.

3 Military Technical College, Cairo, Egypt.



The objective of this research is to design, build, and test about a 5N Hydrogen Peroxide(H2O2) monopropellant thruster (MPT). It is utilized in remote sensing satellites for attitude control and orbit manoeuvres. The MPT uses high test peroxide (HTP) of 85 % concentration. Firstly, H2O2 ≈85% concertation by weight is prepared in the laboratory. A distillation and filtration units are built. The distillation and filtration processes are performed. Next, the design of the monopropellant thruster is done based on the developed mathematical model using NASA CEA rocket performance code. The test facility is developed which consists of the thruster, the feeding system, static test stand and data acquisition system with measuring sensors. An experimental test stand is designed and fabricated with Pendulum thrust mechanism for measurements of thrust. Finally, the silver catalyst is prepared and packed inside the MPT chamber where silver screens of high purity 99.96 % are used. The 10-firing tests are conducted under atmospheric conditions. The firings performed without heating are not completely successful. The analysis of the results shows that the thruster has a thrust range from 3.8-4.2 N. The performance of thruster starts to decay after consuming 6 kg of stabilized H2O2. The specific impulse (Is) is evaluated to be ≈ 93-97s at decomposition pressure of ≈10 bars and mass flow rate ≈4.18 g/s. The performance evaluation is judged to be successful. However, using the whole potential of the 85 % concentrated H2O2, is expected to increase (Is) up to ≈111.5s.

Volume 19, Issue 19
The 19th International Conference on Aerospace Sciences & Aviation Technology (ASAT-19 2021) 6th-8th April 2021
April 2021
Pages 1-13