Document Type : Original Article
Faculty of Energy Engineering, Aswan University, Aswan 81528, Egypt.
School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China.
The film cooling technique is introduced in modern gas turbines to protect the blade from the high temperature of the incoming hot gases by forming a thin coolant blank over the blade surface. However, it is known as a jet in crossflow (JICF), where coolant and mainstream interact intensively and generate complex vortices leading to highly unsteady coolant coverage over the blades surface. In this study, a fast-response pressure-sensitive paint technique (fast-PSP) was used to measure the coolant unsteadiness with a high-resolution camera. The measurements were performed in a novel single-passage transonic wind tunnel to uncover the unsteady effectiveness of the endwall surface. Such effectiveness was dramatically influenced by the blowing ratios (M), showing attached flow at a low blowing ratio and lift-off at a high blowing ratio. The effectiveness was asymmetrically distributed due to the pressure gradients, jet compounding angle, and associated complex flows. The unsteady effectiveness was highly influenced by the energetic vortical structures, which interacted with the mainstream flow immediately behind the holes. It was featured by secondary structures (horseshoe, passage, and counter vortices) beside the JICF structures. Meanwhile, the unsteadiness was originated from the middle of the passage behind the holes. It is suggested to pay close attention to the locations of the holes for further optimization. This study could help the designers to understand the characteristics of unsteady effectiveness, promoting advanced cooling strategies for enhanced protection of future gas turbines.