Document Type : Original Article
Military technical college, Mechanical Design and Production Department, Cairo, Egypt.
This article presents a finite element method for simulating the heat production during stopping the aircraft. Thermal analysis and simulation in the finite element model are based on the theory of energy transformation and transportation. A commercial software COMSOL Multiphysics 5.5a is used for simulating the braking operation. The internal temperatures of the brake disks were obtained and the variation in temperatures between disks were discussed. Thermomechanical behaviour is studied to show the effect of thermal energy on the contact mechanics for the friction surfaces between the brake disks. Aircraft mass, initial velocity and deceleration rate are responsible for heat generation and consequently the maximum reached temperature during braking. The friction surfaces between disks were the main heat energy source where the heat was concentrating on these layers of friction surfaces. For the selected braking operation, the maximum reached temperature was 1020K. The finite element model was validated against historical data for a Boeing737-400 at constant deceleration for new disk brakes and for RTO brake energy.